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Conventions of Print -- Literacy A-Z

Conventions of Print

The term “conventions of print” refers to the understanding that when the English language is written down, it is transcribed in a standard, uniform manner so that words and ideas communicated through writing are consistently and easily understood by all readers. 
Conventions of print include the following:
  • Directionality: English is written and read from left to right and from top to bottom.
  • Punctuation communicates meaning and expression to readers.
  • Space: Writers use space to separate ideas, indicate when readers should pause for thought, and to separate words so that they are easily read.
  • Case: Letters come in two forms, uppercase and lower case. Case can provide additional meaning to readers about the beginning of new ideas and indicates to the reader whether a noun is describing a specific person, place, or thing.
  • Grammar: Written language subscribes to the rules affecting the form words can take including verb tense, plurals, possessives, and modifiers like adverbs and adjectives.
  • Usage: Writers understand how incomplete sentences, run-on sentences, and improper use of pronouns can impede effective communication of ideas.
  • Spelling: Words are spelled according to convention so that they are easily read by others to facilitate effective communication. 

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