Inferring is the act of merging background knowledge
with text clues to come up with an idea that is not explicitly stated in the text. Active readers make inferences before, during, and after reading. Inferring is an umbrella term that invites a wide array of thinking processes including:
- Making predictions
- Thinking about relationships (how can this book be compared to others, why is character behaving in this way, how is character feeling, etc.)
- Answering questions asked during reading
- Using context clues to figure out unknown words
Inferring is the proverbial “reading between the lines” that makes reading a richer, more thought provoking experience for all readers.